Known Issues

Agent-specific Scheduling Options are Ignored

When using the HPC Launcher, Determined delegates all job scheduling and prioritization to the HPC workload manager (either Slurm or PBS) and the following experiment configuration options are ignored.

  • resources.agent_label

  • resources.max_slots

  • resources.priority

  • resources.weight

Singularity and Docker Differences

Some constraints are due to differences in behavior between Docker and Singularity, summarized here:

  • Singularity tends to explicitly share resources/devices from the host compute node on which it is running which results in more opportunities for conflicts with other programs running on the cluster, or between multiple determined experiments that are launched concurrently on the same compute node.

    • By default /tmp and /dev/shm are mounted from the compute node instead of private to the container. If multiple containers are running on the same node there can be more sharing than they expect. The contents of /tmp persist beyond the container lifetime and are visible to other trials. The experiment configuration might need to be updated to accommodate these issues.

    • Determined mitigates potential file name and disk space conflicts on /tmp content by automatically using space in job_storage_root for a per-job /tmp directory. You can override this behavior by providing an explicit bind mount of the container_path /tmp folder in the Singularity container.

    You can restore the default Singularity behavior of sharing /tmp on the compute node by including the following bind mount in your experiment configuration or globally by using the task_container_defaults section in your master configuration:

    bind_mounts:
       - host_path: /tmp
         container_path: /tmp
    
    • The singularity.conf options can also be used to change this behavior, or by using individual environment variables added to your experiment. Here are some configuration options that might be useful to tune sharing available in the singularity.conf file:

      Option

      Description

      sessiondir max size

      Controls the disk space, in MB, allocated to support directories not shared from the host compute node, such as /tmp and /usr/tmp, depending upon your configuration.

      mount tmp

      Isolates /tmp from the host compute node. The size of this area is configured by sessiondir max size.

  • Singularity attempts to automatically download and convert Docker images, however, the behavior is somewhat different than with Docker.

    • By default converted Singularity images are stored per user in ~/.singularity. Determined environment images are relatively large and this can result in excessive duplication.

    • You likely want to predownload images under singularity_image_root as described in Provide a Container Image Cache or configure SINGULARITY_CACHEDIR to point to a shared directory.

  • Some Docker features do not have an exact replacement in Singularity, and therefore the associated Determined features are not supported.

    Feature

    Description

    resources.devices

    By default /dev is mounted from the compute host, so all devices are available. This can be overridden by the singularity.conf mount dev option.

    resources.shm_size

    By default /dev/shm is mounted from the compute host. This can be overridden by the singularity.conf mount tmp option. When enabled, the size can be increased using compute node /etc/fstab settings.

    environment.registry_auth.server

    No equivalent setting in Singularity.

    environment.registry_auth.email

    No equivalent setting in Singularity.

Singularity Known Issues

Launching a PBS job with an experiment configuration that includes an embedded double quote character (“) may cause the job to fail unless you have Singularity 3.10 or greater or Apptainer 1.1 or greater. For example, the error might be the json.decoder.JSONDecodeError or the experiment log may contain source: /.inject-singularity-env.sh:224:1563: "export" must be followed by names or assignments and RuntimeError: missing environment keys [DET_MASTER, DET_CLUSTER_ID, DET_AGENT_ID, DET_SLOT_IDS, DET_TASK_ID, DET_ALLOCATION_ID, DET_SESSION_TOKEN, DET_TASK_TYPE], is this running on-cluster?

The version of Singularity is detected by the HPC Launcher invoking the singularity command and checking for the --no-eval option. If the singularity command is not on the path for the HPC launcher or is of an inconsistent version with the compute nodes, embedded double quote characters may still not work.

Apptainer Known Issues

Starting with Apptainer version 1.1.0 some changes may trigger permission problems inside of Determined containers for shells, tensorboards, and experiments. For example, a tensorboard log may contain ERROR: Could not install packages due to an OSError: [Errno 28] No space left on device, or a shell may fail to function and the shell logs contain the message chown(/dev/pts/1, 63200, 5) failed: Invalid argument, or an experiment may fail to launch due to FATAL: container creation failed: mount /var/tmp->/var/tmp error: while mounting /var/tmp: could not mount /var/tmp: operation not supported. This likely indicates an installation or configuration error for unprivileged containers. Review the Installing Apptainer documentation. These errors are sometimes resolved by additionally installing the apptainer-setuid package.

PodMan Known Issues

  • Determined uses PodMan in rootless mode. There are several configuration errors that may be encountered:

    • stat /run/user/NNN: no such file or directory likely indicates that the environment variable XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is referencing a directory that does not exist.

    • stat /run/user/NNN: permission denied may indicate a problem with default the runroot configuration.

    • Error: A network file system with user namespaces is not supported. Please use a mount_program: backing file system is unsupported for this graph driver indicates that the graphroot references a distributed file system.

    Refer to PodMan Requirements for recommendations.

  • On a Slurm cluster, it is common to rely upon /etc/hosts (instead of DNS) to resolve the addresses of the login node and other compute nodes in the cluster. If jobs are unable to resolve the address of the Determined master or other compute nodes in the job and you are relying on /etc/hosts, check the following:

    1. Ensure that the /etc/hosts file is being mounted in the container by a bind mount in the task_container_defaults section of your master configuration as shown below. Unlike Singularity, PodMan V4.0+ no longer maps /etc/hosts from the host into the running container by default. On the initial startup, the Determined Slurm launcher automatically adds the task_container_defaults fragment below when adding the resource_manager section. If, however, you have since changed the file you may need to manually add the bind mount to ensure that jobs can resolve all host addresses in the cluster:

      task_container_defaults:
         bind_mounts:
            -  host_path: /etc/hosts
               container_path: /etc/hosts
      
    2. Ensure that the names and addresses of the login node, admin node, and all compute nodes are consistently available in /etc/hosts on all nodes.

  • Podman containers only inherit environment variables that have been explicitly specified. Determined adds Podman arguments to provide any Determined-configured environment variables, and the launcher enables inheritance of the following variables: SLURM_*, CUDA_VISIBLE_DEVICES, NVIDIA_VISIBLE_DEVICES, ROCR_VISIBLE_DEVICES, HIP_VISIBLE_DEVICES. You may enable the inheritance of additional variables from the host environment by specifying the variable name with an empty value in the environment_variables of your experiment configuration or task container defaults.

    environment_variables:
       - INHERITED_ENV_VAR=
    
  • Terminating a Determined AI job may cause the following conditions to occur:

    • Compute nodes go into drain state.

    • Processes inside the container continue to run.

    • An attempt to run another job results in Running a job gets the error level=error msg="invalid internal status, try resetting the pause process with \"/usr/local/bin/podman system migrate\": could not find any running process: no such process".

    Podman creates several processes when running a container, such as podman, conmon, and catatonit. When a user terminates a Determined AI job, Slurm will send a SIGTERM to the podman processes. However, sometimes the container will continue running, even after the SIGTERM has been sent.

    On Slurm versions prior to version 22, Slurm will place the node in the drain state, requiring the use of the scontrol command to set the node back to the idle state. It may also require podman system migrate to be run to clean up the running containers.

    To ensure the container associated with the job is stopped when a Determined AI job is terminated, create a Slurm task epilog script to stop the container.

    Set the Task Epilog script in the slurm.conf file, as shown below, to point to a script that resides in a shared filesystem accessible from all compute nodes.

    TaskEpilog=/path/to/task_epilog.sh
    

    Set the contents of the Task Epilog script as shown below.

    #!/usr/bin/env bash
    
    slurm_job_name_suffix=$(echo ${SLURM_JOB_NAME} | sed 's/^\S\+-\([a-z0-9]\+-[a-z0-9]\+\)$/\1/')
    
    if ps -fe | grep -E "[p]odman run .*-name ${SLURM_JOB_USER}-\S+-${slurm_job_name_suffix}" > /dev/null
    then
       timeout -k 15s 15s bash -c "while ps -fe | grep -E \"[c]onmon .*-n ${SLURM_JOB_USER}-\S+-${slurm_job_name_suffix}\" > /dev/null 2>&1; do sleep 1; done"
    
       podman_container_stop_command="podman container stop --filter name='.+-${slurm_job_name_suffix}'"
    
       echo "$(date):$0: Running \"${podman_container_stop_command}\"" 1>&2
    
       eval ${podman_container_stop_command}
    fi
    
    exit 0
    

    Restart the slurmd daemon on all compute nodes.

Enroot Known Issues

  • Enroot uses XDG_RUNTIME_DIR which is not provided to the compute jobs by Slurm/PBS by default. The error mkdir: cannot create directory ‘/run/enroot’: Permission denied indicates that the environment variable XDG_RUNTIME_DIR is not defined on the compute nodes. See PodMan Requirements for recommendations.

  • Enroot requires manual download and creation of containers. The error [ERROR] No such file or directory: /home/users/test/.local/share/enroot/determinedai+environments+cuda-11.1-base-gpu-mpi-0.18.5 indicates the user test has not created an Enroot container for docker image determinedai/environments:cuda-11.1-base-gpu-mpi-0.18.5. Check the available containers using the enroot list command. See Enroot Requirements for guidance on creating Enroot containers.

  • Enroot does not provide a mechanism for sharing containers. Each user must create any containers needed by their Determined experiments prior to creating the experiment.

  • Some Docker features do not have an exact replacement in Enroot, and therefore the associated Determined features are not supported.

    Feature

    Description

    resources.devices

    Managed via Enroot configuration files.

    resources.shm_size

    Managed via Enroot configuration files.

    environment.registry_auth.server

    No equivalent setting in Enroot.

    environment.registry_auth.email

    No equivalent setting in Enroot.

Slurm Known Issues

  • Jobs may fail to submit with Slurm version 22.05.5 through at least 22.05.8 with the message error: Unable to allocate resources: Requested node configuration is not available.

    Until Slurm Bug 15857 has been resolved, consider using Slurm 22.05.4.

  • A Determined experiment remains QUEUEUED for an extended period of time:

    Inspect the details of your queued jobs using the Slurm scontrol show jobs command. If the Slurm job is PENDING review the Reason code provided. See JOB REASON CODES. Some common reasons are:

    • Resources: Expected when resources are in use by other jobs. Otherwise, verify you have not requested more resources (gpus, cpus, nodes, memory) than are available in your cluster.

    • PartitionNodeLimit: Ensure that the job is not requesting more nodes than MaxNodes of the partition.

      Ensure that the MaxNodes setting for the partition is at least as high as the number of GPUs in the partition. The MaxNodes value for a partition can be viewed in the JOBS_SIZE column of the command:

      sinfo -O Partition,Size,Gres,OverSubscribe,NodeList,StateComplete,Reason
      PARTITION  JOB_SIZE    GRES         OVERSUBSCRIBE NODELIST STATECOMPLETE REASON
      defq*      1-infinite  gpu:tesla:4  NO            node002  idle          none
      

      Until scheduled, the job’s NumNodes is shown as the range 1-slots_per_trial. Ensure the slots_per_trial shown is not larger than the value shown in the JOB_SIZE column for the partition.

      A second potential cause of PartitionNodeLimit is submitting CPU experiments (or when the Determined cluster is configured with gres_supported: false ), without specifying slurm.slots_per_node to enable multiple CPUs to be used on each node. Without slurm.slots_per_node the job will request slots_per_trial nodes.

AMD/ROCm Known Issues

  • AMD/ROCm support is available only with Singularity containers. While Determined does add the proper PodMan arguments to enable ROCm GPU support, the capabilities have not yet been verified.

  • Launching experiments with slot_type: rocm, may fail with the error RuntimeError: No HIP GPUs are available. Ensure that the compute nodes are providing ROCm drivers and libraries compatible with the environment image that you are using and that they are available in the default locations, or are added to the path and/or ld_library_path variables in the slurm configuration. Depending upon your system configuration, you may need to select a different ROCm image. See Set Environment Images for the images available.

  • Launching experiments with slot_type: rocm, may fail in the AMD/ROCm libraries with with the error terminate called after throwing an instance of 'boost::filesystem::filesystem_error' what(): boost::filesystem::remove: Directory not empty: "/tmp/miopen-.... A potential workaround is to disable the per-container /tmp by adding the following bind mount in your experiment configuration or globally by using the task_container_defaults section in your master configuration:

    bind_mounts:
       - host_path: /tmp
         container_path: /tmp
    

Determined AI Experiment Requirements

Ensure that the following requirements are met in your experiment configuration.

Distributed jobs must allocate the same number of resources on each compute node. Specify the slots_per_trial as a multiple of the GPUs available on a single compute node. For example, if the compute nodes have four GPUs each, slots_per_trial must be set to a multiple of four, such as 8, 12, 16, and 20. You cannot use six, for example, because Slurm might allocate four GPUs on the first compute node and two GPUs on the second node and the experiment can fail because it expects the GPUs used for the experiment to be evenly distributed among the compute nodes.

Additional Known issues

  • The Determined master may fail to show HPC cluster information and report Failed to communicate with launcher due to error: in the Master Logs tab of the Determined UI. If so, verify the following:

    1. Ensure that the launcher service is up and running.

      sudo systemctl status launcher
      
    2. If the full error is Failed to communicate with launcher due to error: {401 Unauthorized}, the Determined master does not have an up-to-date authorization token to access the launcher. Restart the launcher, to ensure all configuration changes have been applied.

      sudo systemctl restart launcher
      sudo systemctl status launcher
      

      Once it has successfully started, you should see the message INFO: launcher server ready ..., then restart the Determined master so it will likewise load the latest configuration:

      sudo systemctl restart determined-master
      sudo systemctl status determined-master
      

      Additional diagnostic messages may be present in the system log diagnostics, such as /var/log/messages or journalctl --since=yesterday -u launcher, and journalctl --since=yesterday -u determined-master

  • The SSH server process within Determined Environment images can fail with a free(): double free detected in tcache 2 message, a Fatal error: glibc detected an invalid stdio handle message, or simply close the connection with no message. This problem has been observed when using the det shell start command and when running distributed, multi-node, training jobs. It is suspected to be triggered by passwd/group configurations that use NIS/YP/LDAP accounts on the compute host. By default these settings are propagated to the Singularity container and can result in sshd aborting the connection with or without an error message, depending on the exact configuration.

    A workaround is to specify a customized nsswitch.conf file to the Singularity container and enable only files for passwd/group elements. This can be accomplished using the following steps:

    1. Create a file on a shared file system such as /home/shared/determined/nsswitch.conf file with the content, potentially further tuned for your environment:

      passwd: files determined
      shadow: files determined
      group: files determined
      hosts: files dns
      
    2. Update the Determined cluster configuration to supply a default bind mount to override the /etc/nsswitch.conf in the container.

      task_container_defaults:
        bind_mounts:
          - host_path: /home/shared/determined/nsswitch.conf
            container_path: /etc/nsswitch.conf
      
    3. Reload the Determined master to allow it to pull in the updated configuration.

    The user/group configuration is typically injected in /etc/passwd within the Singularity container so disabling the NIS/YP/LDAP accounts within the container should not result in any lost capability.

  • Determined CLI can fail with a Your requested host "localhost" could not be resolved by DNS. message. This has been observed when the http_proxy or https_proxy environment variables are set but have not excluded sending localhost, or the Determined master hostname, to the proxy server.

    Update the environment settings configured for the proxy to also include:

    export no_proxy=localhost,127.0.0.1
    
  • The automated download of Docker containers by Singularity may fail with the error loading registries configuration: reading registries.conf.d: lstat /root/.config/containers/registries.conf.d: permission denied when Docker login information is not provided.

    This happens when access to an otherwise public container image is being blocked by the docker download rate limit, or if the container is in a private registry.

    You can avoid this problem by either:

    1. Manually downloading the container image as described in Provide a Container Image Cache.

    2. Providing a Docker login via the experiment configuration using the environment.registry_auth.username and environment.registry_auth.password options.

  • Use of NVIDIA Multi-Process Service (MPS) with Determined may trigger the error RuntimeError: CUDA error: all CUDA-capable devices are busy or unavailable.

    By default, MPS depends upon a shared /tmp directory between the compute node and the container to function properly. As noted in Singularity and Docker Differences, sharing /tmp between the compute node and the container is not the default behavior for Determined Slurm integration. When using MPS, use one of the following workarounds:

    1. If the capabilities of MPS are not required, disable or uninstall the MPS service. See nvidia-cuda-mps-control or the relevant documentation associated with your installation package.

    2. Configure the MPS variable CUDA_MPS_PIPE_DIRECTORY to use a directory other than /tmp (e.g. /dev/shm).

    3. Restore the sharing of /tmp between the compute node and the container as described in Singularity and Docker Differences.

    For more information on MPS, refer to the NVIDIA Multi-Process Service (MPS) Documentation.

  • Experiments on CPU-only clusters will fail when the requested slot count exceeds the maximum number of CPUs on any single node. This behavior is due to a limitation of the Slurm workload manager. Slurm does not provide an option to request a certain number of CPUs without specifying the number of nodes/tasks. To overcome this limitation of Slurm, Determined will set a default value of 1 for the number of nodes. With this workaround, when the users launch an experiment on a CPU-only cluster, Slurm tries to identify a single node that can completely satisfy the requested number of slots (CPUs). If such a node is available, Slurm will allocate the resources and continue the execution of the experiment. Otherwise, Slurm will error stating the resource request could not be satisfied, as shown in the below example.

    ERROR: task failed without an associated exit code: sbatch: error: CPU count per node can not
    be satisfied sbatch: error: Batch job submission failed: Requested node configuration is not
    available.