Configure Multiple Resource Managers#


This feature applies only to Determined Enterprise Edition.


Multiple Resource Managers (Multi-RM) for Kubernetes allows you to set up a Determined master service in one Kubernetes cluster and schedule workloads in the same or other Kubernetes clusters.

Resource Pool Relationships

  • Resource pools have a many-to-one relationship with resource managers.

  • No single resource pool will span multiple resource managers.

Any requests to resource pools not defined in the master configuration are routed to the default resource manager. Such requests are not routed to additional resource managers, if defined.

How to Configure Multiple Resource Managers#

Multiple resource managers are defined in the master configuration file. To define multiple resource managers, first define one default resource manager and then define one or more additional resource managers. Default resource managers are defined using the resource_manager option, whereas any additional resource managers are defined using the addtional_resource_manager option.


Naming and Rules

  • Each resource manager under additional_resource_managers must have a unique name; failure to do so will cause the cluster to crash.

  • Ensure each additional resource manager has at least one resource pool defined.

  • Resource pool names must be unique across the cluster to prevent crashes.


If desired, you can apply a name to the default resource manager.

  1. Locate the resource_manager section in the master configuration yaml file. This represents the default resource manager.

  2. Add additional_resource_managers under the resource_manager to configure extra resource managers.

  3. Under additional_resource_managers, define resource_pools for each additional resource manager.

Example: Master Configuration (devcluster)#

Follow this example to create as many resource managers (clusters) as needed.

  • For each cluster, note each kubeconfig location for the cluster (this is where the credentials are found).

  • Copy or modify the default devcluster template at tools/devcluster.yaml.

  • In the copied devcluster.yaml file, under the master configuration, set one of your resource managers as the default, and the rest under additional_resource_managers:

     type: kubernetes
    name: default-rm # optional, should match the name of your default RM/cluster
     ... add any other specs you might need ...
    - resource_manager:
       type: kubernetes
       name: additional-rm # should match the name of your other RM(s)
       kubeconfig_path: <whatever-path-your-rm-config-is-like ~/.kubeconfig>
       ... add whatever other specs you might need ...
          - pool_name: <your-rm-pool-name>
  • Run the new devcluster: devcluster -c <path-to-modified-devcluster>.

For more information, visit the Determined Kubernetes Developer Guide located in the k8s/ subdirectory of the Determined GitHub repo.

Example: Master Configuration (Helm)#

To deploy Multi-RM on Kubernetes through a Helm chart, the cluster administrator must load the credentials for each additional cluster through a Kubernetes secret. Follow these steps for each additional resource manager you want to add, and then apply the Helm chart once. Let rm-name be the same as the “cluster name” for a given cluster.

  • Set up your additional clusters. These can be from the same or different clouds (e.g., GKE, AKS, EKS).

  • Gather the credentials for each cluster.

    For example:

    # for AKS
    az aks get-credentials --resource-group <resource-gp-name> --name <rm-name>
    # for GKE
    gcloud container clusters get-credentials <rm-name>
  • Using the cluster as the current context, save its kubeconfig to a tmp file.

  • Repeat the above steps as many times as needed for the additional clusters you want to add.

  • Next, switch to the cluster/context that you want to use as the default cluster. Then, repeat the following steps to create secrets for each additional cluster you want to add.

  • Create a Kubernetes secret, from the tmp files for each additional cluster.

  • Specify each additional resource manager, and its kubeconfig secret/location in helm/charts/determined/values.yaml.

  • For example:

    - resource_manager:
       type: kubernetes name: <rm-name> namespace: default
       # or whatever other namespace you want to use
       kubeconfig_secret_name: <The secret name, from ``kubectl describe secret <rm-name>``>
       kubeconfig_secret_value: <The data value, from ``kubectl describe secret <rm-name>``>
       ... and any other specs you may want to configure ...
          -  pool_name: <rm-pool>
  • Once all of your resource managers are added to helm values file, install the Helm chart.


Setting the master IP/Port for different resource managers:

For resource managers where the master IP/Port is not reachable by the additional resource managers, you will need to update your Helm chart values/configuration to match the external IP of the default determined deployment. Once the cluster administrator has the master IP of the default Determined deployment, all that’s necessary is to upgrade the Helm deployment with that value as the master IP for the additional clusters.


In the WebUI, the resource manager name is visible for each resource pool.

To view resource managers:

  • In the WebUI, navigate to the cluster view.

  • Each resource pool card displays Resource Manager Name.

This field helps identify whether a resource pool is managed locally or by another manager, tagged as “Remote” if defined in the Master Configuration Reference file.

Usage Scenario

Let’s say your environment contains a resource manager and a resource pool that have both adopted the name “default” due to their unnamed status, and you configure an additional resource pool named “additional-rm” with a resource pool named “test”. When you sign in to the WebUI, you’ll see both the default and test resource pools. The resource manager name for the default pool will display “default”, while the test pool displays “additional-rm” (or the name you specified).

Visibility and Access

Resource Manager Name is only visible to administrators or users with permissions to define multiple resource managers. Users can view all resource pools along with each resource pool’s manager name to help distinguish between local and remote resource pools.